Veterans day là ngày gì

History of Veterans Day

World War I – known at the time as “The Great War” - officially ended when the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919, in the Palace of Versailles outside the town of Versailles, France. However, fighting ceased seven months earlier when an armistice, or temporary cessation of hostilities, between the Allied nations và Germany went inkhổng lồ effect on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month. For that reason, November 11, 1918, is generally regarded as the over of “the war lớn end all wars.”


Soldiers of the 353rd Infantry near a church at Steni, Meuse in France, wait for the over of hostilities. This phokhổng lồ was taken at 10:58 a.m., on November 11, 1918, two minutes before the armistice ending World War I went inkhổng lồ effect

In November 1919, President Wilson proclaimed November 11 as the first commemoration of Armistice Day with the following words: "To us in America, the reflections of Armistice Day will be filled with solemn pride in the heroism of those who died in the country’s service và with gratitude for the victory, both because of the thing from which it has freed us và because of the opportunity it has given America to show her sympathy with peace and justice in the councils of the nations…"

The original concept for the celebration was for a day observed with parades & public meetings & a brief suspension of business beginning at 11:00 a.m.Quý khách hàng sẽ xem: Veterans day là ngày gì

The United States Congress officially recognized the over of World War I when it passed a concurrent resolution on June 4, 1926, with these words:

Whereas the 11th of November 1918, marked the cessation of the most destructive sầu, sanguinary, & far reaching war in human annals & the resumption by the people of the United States of peaceful relations with other nations, which we hope may never again be severed, and

Whereas it is fitting that the recurring anniversary of this date should be commemorated with thanksgiving và prayer và exercises designed khổng lồ perpetuate peace through good will and mutual understanding between nations; and

Whereas the legislatures of twenty-seven of our States have sầu already declared November 11 lớn be a legal holiday: Therefore be it Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives concurring), that the President of the United States is requested lớn issue a proclamation calling upon the officials to lớn display the flag of the United States on all Government buildings on November 11 và inviting the people of the United States lớn observe sầu the day in schools and churches, or other suitable places, with appropriate ceremonies of friendly relations with all other peoples.

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An Act (52 Stat. 351; 5 U. S. Code, Sec. 87a) approved May 13, 1938, made the 11th of November in each year a legal holiday—a day lớn be dedicated to the cause of world peace & to lớn be thereafter celebrated and known as "Armistice Day." Armistice Day was primarily a day phối aside lớn honor veterans of World War I, but in 1954, after World War II had required the greachạy thử mobilization of soldiers, sailors, Marines and airmen in the Nation’s history; after American forces had fought aggression in Korea, the 83rd Congress, at the urging of the veterans service organizations, amended the Act of 1938 by striking out the word "Armistice" and inserting in its place the word "Veterans." With the lớn.coml of this legislation (Public Law 380) on June 1, 1954, November 11th became a day lớn honor American veterans of all wars.

Later that same year, on October 8th, President Dwight D. Eisenhower issued the first "Veterans Day Proclamation" which stated: "In order khổng lồ insure proper và widespread obserhonampholớn.comnce of this anniversary, all veterans, all veterans" organizations, và the entire citizenry will wish lớn join hands in the comtháng purpose. Toward this end, I am designating the Administrator of Veterans" Affairs as Chairman of a Veterans Day National Committee, which shall include such other persons as the Chairman may select, and which will coordinate at the national màn chơi necessary planning for the obsermathienky.comnce. I am also requesting the heads of all departments & agencies of the Executive sầu branch of the Government khổng lồ assist the National Committee in every way possible."


President Eisenhower signing HR7786, changing Armistice Day to lớn Veterans Day. From left: Alvin J. King, Wayne Richards, ArthurJ.Connell, John T. Nation, Edward Rees, Richard L. Trombla, Howard W. Watts

In 1958, the White House nhà trắng advised honamphokhổng lồ.com"s General Counsel that the 1954 designation of the honampholớ Administrator as Chairman of the Veterans Day National Committee applied khổng lồ all subsequent lớ Administrators. Since March 1989 when lớ was elemathienky.comted to lớn a cabinet màn chơi department, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs has served as the committee"s chairman.

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The Unikhung Holiday Bill (Public Law 90-363 (82 Stat. 250)) was signed on June 28, 1968, & was intended lớn ensure three-day weekends for Federal employees by celebrating four national holidays on Mondays: Washington"s Birthday, Memorial Day, Veterans Day, and Columbus Day. It was thought that these extended weekends would encourage travel, recreational & cultural activities and stimulate greater industrial và commercial production. Many states did not agree with this decision và continued khổng lồ celebrate the holidays on their original dates.

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Veterans Day continues khổng lồ be observed on November 11, regardless of what day of the week on which it falls. The restoration of the obsermathienky.comnce of Veterans Day to lớn November 11 not only preserves the historical significance of the date, but helps focus attention on the important purpose of Veterans Day: A celebration lớn honor America"s veterans for their patriotism, love of country, and willingness to serve and sacrifice for the comtháng good.